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History of the town

History of the region


First mentioned as "Sumbotheil", (in English "Saturday market")

King Andreas II (1205-1235), married to Gertrude of Merania, brings Cistercian and Premonstratensian monks into the country.


Probable total destruction by the Mongols.

Defeat of Béla IV (1235-1270) against the Mongols, and devastation. Increase in power of nobility.


After rebuilding and resettlement, first mention under name "Niusidel".

Andreas III (1290-1301) is the last Arpad. After inner turmoil the Hungarian crown passes to the House of Anjou: Karl Robert (1308-1342) and his important son, Ludwig the Great (1342-1382). Maria, the eleven year old daughter follows. Her betrothed, Sigismund of Luxemburg, becomes co-regent 1387 and German emperor 1410-1437.


The Earls of St. Georgen and Bösing become owners of the Hungarian Altenberg dominion including Neusiedl.

Albrecht II von Habsburg married to Elisabeth, German emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, son-in-law of Sigismund, but dies after 2 years.


Elisabeth, the widowed queen, flees Hungarian Altenberg with Ladislaus Posthumous and Helene Kottanerin, stays the night in Neusiedl on their way to Ödenburg.

Matthias Corvinus (son Johann Hunyadis), Hungarian king (1458-1490).


yal privilege to grant market rights

Death of Ludwig II at Mohács (1526). Large parts of Hungary remain under Turkish rule for 150 years. Ludwig’s widow Maria von Habsburg flees to the Netherlands via Vienna.


Bocskay rebellion causes devastation.

Rebellion of the Hungarian magnates led by Stefan Bocskay against Rudolf II’s (1576-1612) recatholization. Months of raids, destruction of more than 115 villages between Leitha and Raab. Next rebellion by the Transylvanian Voivode Gabriel Bethlen 15 years later.


Worst plague year with 544 dead in one year



Destruction of the church and many town houses during the second Turkish siege of Vienna.



Conquest and destruction of the market and the Tabor by the Kurucs. Cruel execution of 200 citizens and soldiers incl. Peter Floridan.

Francis II Rákoczy leads a new rebellion against the Habsburgs in 1703. Years of skirmishing with campaigns of devastation in the border area of Burgenland. The Treaty of Szatmár (1711) signals the end of the wars and national rebellions.


The Neusiedl market town suffers the huge financial burden of having Napoleonic and their own imperial troops billeted in the town.

Coalition wars from about 1797. No direct fighting in Western Hungary, but economic decline because of war contributions. In1809 Napoleon himself inspected the troops in Kittsee and Mosonmagyarovar.


First official application by Neusiedl for town privileges. Refused after years of negotiations.

Period of reforms in Hungary, transition to civil parliamentarism, introduction of Hungarian instead of Latin for public office, the law and higher schools. 1848 revolution led by Lajos Kossuth, abolition of peasant servitude.



Compensation Act: conversion of the Hapsburg empire into a constitutional Austrian-Hungarian monarchy.


Neusiedl am See receives town privileges. Neusiedl lawyer Karl Amon is spiritual leader of the movement for autonomy and probably coined the name Burgenland.

The St. Germain en Laye Treaty declares German West Hungary now belongs to the Republic of German Austria. No final handover till 5.12.1921